John Marshall Krum

 

John Marshall Krum

Term: 1848 - 1849
Party: Democratic
Born: March 10, 1810
Hillsdale, New York
Died: September 13, 1883
St. Louis, Missouri
 
John M. Krum (Mayor 1848-1849)-Background
Mayor (1848-1849). John Marshall Krum was born in Hillsdale, New York on March 10, 1810. As preparation for college he attended Smith Academy at Albany, and later, Fairfield Academy in New York City. After graduation he was a tutor at the academy in Latin and mathematics for a year. Following attendance at Union College for one year Krum began the study of law privately.

In 1833 John Krum came to the St. Louis area as a practicing lawyer. In 1839 he married Miss Ophlia Harding and they raised a family of five children. Mr. Krum had settled at Alton, Illinois in 1835, and continued to live there for five years. His law practice covered a circuit of several different counties. The Governor of Illinois appointed him Probate Judge of Madison County in 1836. He was elected as the first Mayor of Alton in 1837. During that administration, occurred the 'Alton riot';, in which Elizah P. Lovejoy, anti-slavery publisher, was killed. In 1840 Krum moved to St. Louis. In 1843 he was made Judge of the St. Louis Circuit Court and held that office until being elected mayor of St. Louis. Krum was the third Democrat to be elected Mayor of St. Louis. The Whigs had dominated the City Government most of the time since it started in 1823.

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John M. Krum (Mayor 1848-1849)-Administration
In 1848 John Marshall Krum became the thirteen mayor of St. Louis.

During John Krum's administration, the School Board was authorized to levy a tax for the first time. Prior to this time the public schools had been supported out of the City's general revenue funds. Mr. Krum was active in helping to organize the public school system and was a member of the Board of Education for ten years. In 1848 the Missouri Legislature was petitioned to amend the City Charter and authorize the School Board to levy a tax of one-tenth of one per cent. The power was granted and at a special election in St. Louis it was approved. The first tax collection amounted to $18,000.

Mr. Krum is also remembered as a pioneer in planning the Sewer System. He made the first basic recommendation for an over-all plan. It was largely through his efforts that the Missouri General Assembly passed as act March 12, 1849, providing for a general system of sewerage for St. Louis. The City authorities laid off the districts and worked out the details of this general plan.

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John M. Krum (Mayor 1848-1849)-Post-Administration
John Marshall Krum served as a director of Washington University. He was a professor at the St. Louis Law School. At the outbreak of the Civil War he withdrew from the Democratic Party and supported the Republicans thereafter. He was a colonel of the ninth regiment during the Civil War. While serving as Circuit Judge Krum published a scholarly work, 'Missouri Justice'. In 1850 he supervised the revision of the City Ordinances.

John M. Krum continued to practice law here for many years before he died, September 13, 1883. Burial was in Bellefontaine Cemetery.

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